As we enter the second half of this, the Decade of 3D Printing, we are coming to a crossroads. On one hand the Rebel open source RepRap crowd are clamoring to keep 3D printing free, man, while the Imperial forces of 3D Systems and Stratasys – along with countless imitators all attempting to commercialize 3D printing and create the first popular home printer – are locked in a race to the bottom in order to gain market share and users. The resulting dichotomy pits amazingly advanced DIY printers that sometimes explode into a gush of melted plastic and sadness with amazingly advanced proprietary printers that also sometimes explode into a gush of melted plastic and sadness. The XYZPrinting da Vinci 1.0 AiO is firmly on the latter side.
The AiO is a closed box that contains a full ABS 3D printing system as well as a laser 3D scanner. A turntable under the built platform spins objects slowly as a laser takes in their contours and the resulting objects can be printed directly from the scanning software. It is literally a 3D copier with true object-in/object-out systems. In short, it is a Star Trekian replicator – within reason.
First, lets’ take a moment to marvel at what this thing truly is. You can place an object into it and make a 3D copy of that object. If you really think about what that means you realize that we have moved from the age of bits into the age of atoms. While the AiO might not be the best 3D printer in the world it does bring 3D copying into your home or office. Let that sink in. A few years ago that was deemed impossible, the realm of science fiction. But no longer. But that’s not the most amazing thing. The most amazing thing about this printer is its $799 price tag. That’s right: $799 gets you a 7.8×7.8 x7.5 inch build envelope in ABS as well as a 3D scanner. A good color laser printer cost that much in 2013.
Everything about the AiO is adequate. The prints are surprisingly smooth and detailed. A 3D print test I ran (below) passed with flying colors and a Mario star tree topper I printed looked like it could come out of the Nintendo Store. There was no clean-up – the printer prints onto a heated glass surface that is pre-calibrated to ensure excellent prints – and the machine is nearly silent except for the muffled motion of the motor and a small fan. I had no complaints regarding the printing process either although the software was a bit buggy on the Mac.
The scanner was good but required planning. Scanning shiny objects is not recommended and even some detail is lost on matte objects. I scanned a few objects using the machine including a matte plaster gargoyle and a porcelain elephant. You can check the gargoyle out here but the elephant didn’t make the cut. A little lion statue, however, looked great except for some missing pixels around the head. The results, while not perfect, were just fine for printing. Like the photocopiers of old, the quality of the 3D copies that come out of this machine is lacking. I can only imagine what would happen if I printed a copy of a copy of a copy. Perhaps I’d create the first 3D zine?
Put these two amazing features together and you get something truly special. Be forewarned, however: the AiO is actually huge, probably twice as big as a Makerbot and a little bigger than a home laser printer. It’s also limited in a few important ways.
When the AiO worked well it was miraculous. Objects printed onto the glass substrate without sticking and came up like magic. If you’re familiar with 3D printing, trying to dig a plastic part off of a stubborn plate is disturbing at worst and impossible at best. These objects seemed to just slide off like cookies off of a Teflon cookie sheet. When trying to print the gargoyle, for example, the failed spectacularly. Filament balled up into a smoky lump and started to stink. The plastic melted all over nozzle and the resulting clog required a lot of digging with small tweezers to clear. Because the entire machine is inside a closed box access to the print head is limited. This was a testament to the direction 3D printing is heading – all-in-one ease with proprietary consumables – as well as many of the pitfalls. Most hobbyists will bristle at having to deal with a hermetically sealed case and filament cartridge but, as HP and other printer makers well know, the money isn’t in the printer, it’s in the ink.
Therein lies the rub. The AiO uses a 1.75mm ABS filament but requires a special cartridge. This isn’t any ordinary box, however. Inside is a tiny EEPROM that tells the printer how much filament is left in the cartridge and, most important, prevents you from refilling the cartridge on your own. You can hack the cartridge to read “full” again. While the 600g cartridge costs a mere $30, it would still be nice to use your own filament if you have it. This requirement is the first inkling that we are entering an odd new world of DRM-protected 3D printing.
However, if you can accept the proprietary filament and/or are ready to refill the filament cartridges when (and let’s face it, this will probably happen) XYZPrinting stops making these cartridges or goes out of business, you might be in luck. You could also just wait for a more open 3D printer model that uses standard filament and offers slightly better scan quality, but for $799 you might be waiting for a while. In short the AiO is a fascinating, inexpensive, and impressive piece of technology that is well worth looking at if you’re into 3D printing and want to give it a try.
Industrial 3D printer maker Stratasys has announced it’s selling a professional grade printer on Amazon for the first time.
The machine, the Mojo 3D Printer, will retail for $6,000. While that may seem like a high price for a printer that can fit on your desktop, companies interested in rapid prototyping require high precision parts, which Stratasys claims the Mojo can produce. Get it now from the link below:
The Mojo has a resolution of .007-in., or .178 millimeters. Resolution refers to the thickness of each layer of material laid down as an object is being built.
The Mojo can produce objects of up to 5-in. x 5-in. x 5-in. in size.
That compares to 3D Systems’ CubePro 3D printer, a “prosumer” machine that can print objects 11.2-in x 10.6-in x 9.06-in, in size and has a resolution of .002-in. The CubePro retails for $2,800.
Stratasys spokesperson Joe Hiemenz said high resolution does not define object accuracy, but instead how smooth the surface finish will be and how small the features can be.
“Accuracy is the ability to hold a tolerance. If you measure a part built on the Mojo with calipers it will have a high level of accuracy, close to that of an injection-molded part,” Hiemenez said, referring to a conventional means of prototyping parts.
“One of the largest benefits to a 3D printer that uses thermoplastic is to get a tough part that can be functionally tested,” he continued. “At .007 inch, the Mojo can build fine features that are still strong enough for testing.”
The Mojo can produce concept models and functional prototypes through the use of fused deposition modeling (FDM) extruding ABS thermoplastic filament.
Unlike consumer-grade 3D printers that heat only the build platform, Stratasys uses a heated build chamber, to help ensure that once the part is built, its dimensional accuracy is locked in.
The Mojo is built to be dependable and is reliable enough to be used daily in an industrial setting, Hiemenez said.
Stratasys describes the Mojo as a desktop 3D printer that can offer fine-feature detail that is only available larger, floor-model production systems like its Fortus Production 3D Printers.
The Mojo measures 25 in. wide, 21 in. deep and 18 in. tall. It also uses a water-soluble support material that helps printed objects hold their shape until the job is finished. The support material can then be removed with jetted water, allowing for hands-free cleaning of intricate moving parts.
The Stratasys Mojo 3D Printer Desktop is part of the Stratasys Idea Series. The Stratasys Mojo 3D Printer Pack Starter Package includes a desktop 3D printer, a startup supply of materials and bases, the Mojo Print Wizard and Control Panel software and the WaveWash 55 support removal system.
“Amazon.com has become a pioneer for 3D printing and we are excited for our Mojo to be a part of its online store,” Gilad Gans, president of Stratasys North America, said in a statement. “Now customers who are looking for a professional-grade 3D printer can take advantage of Amazon’s convenient online shopping experience.”
The International Space Station’s 3D printer has produced its first part, ushering in what proponents hope will be a new age of off-Earth manufacturing.
The 3D printer, which was designed and built by California-based startup Made In Space, created an extruder plate — a piece of itself — on Monday (Nov. 24), wrapping up the hour-long task at 4:28 p.m. EST (2128 GMT). The milestone marks a key step toward a future in which voyaging spaceships print out their own spare parts on the go and colonists on other worlds make what they need from the dirt beneath their boots, advocates say.
“This is the first object truly manufactured off of planet Earth,” Made In Space CEO Aaron Kemmer told Space.com. “It’s a huge milestone, not only for Made In Space and NASA, but for humanity as a whole.”
The extruder plate, which measures roughly 3 inches long by 1.5 inches wide by 0.25 inches thick (7.6 by 3.8 by 0.6 centimeters), features the logos of both Made In Space and NASA, Kemmer said. Choosing the plate, which holds in the printer’s electronic board and wiring, for the first build has symbolic significance, he added.
“We thought a lot about how we could demonstrate the historical shift here,” Kemmer said. “It represents the idea that if something goes wrong on the space station, or future space stations, the crew and NASA now have the ability to build a solution.”
The 3D printer’s presence on the space station is part of the 3D Print project, a collaboration between NASA and Made In Space. The machine launched in September aboard SpaceX’s unmanned Dragon cargo capsule, then was installed in the orbiting lab’s Microgravity Science Glovebox by Expedition 42 commander Barry “Butch” Wilmore on Nov. 17. Calibration activities quickly followed.
The chief goal of the first phase of the 3D Print project is to validate 3D printing technology, making sure that it works in orbit as well as it does on the ground, NASA officials have said. Test items printed in space will be compared with identical samples produced by the same machine before it left Earth.
The second phase will focus on actual utilization of parts printed out on the space station, said 3D Print program manager Niki Werkheiser, of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.
The 3D printer aboard the International Space Station has created its first part, a piece of itself called an extruder plate. What will astronauts want to print out next?
NASA has high hopes for 3D printing, which creates products layer by layer out of plastic, metal or other feedstock material. The technology could reduce the cost of spaceflight and enable more ambitious manned exploration missions, agency officials have said.
“I think we’re making history by, for the first time ever, being able to make what we need when we need it in space,” Werkheiser said on NASA TV when the 3D printer was installed. “Even though it may sound a little like science fiction, we’re actually able to email our hardware to space instead of launching it.”
Made In Space sees a similarly bright future for the technology. Sometime next year, the company plans to launch another printer to the space station, on a production rather than a demonstration mission. Made In Space and NASA are also working together on a “recycler” project that will turn trash aboard the orbiting lab into 3D-printed objects. That could happen in 2015 or 2016, Kemmer said.
And the company’s long-term vision extends far beyond Earth orbit.
“If we as a species are really going to be attempting to live off-world permanently — on the moon or Mars — we believe the technology that we’re building can enable that future, especially if you start building with more and more of the resources in situ,” Kemmer said.
3D printing in fashion has rapidly developed in the last year alone to allow everything from houses to human skin grafts to be printed. Fashion Spyder reports on this incredible new toolbox and the pioneering fashion designers that are using it best.
Designers and engineers have now been using 3D printers for over a decade to create prototypes, small parts and also just purely experimental pieces. Since 2010, the cost of 3D printers has decreased dramatically to a fraction of the price, now making it possible to buy yourself a desktop 3D printer for your home or studio. For a quick taste about affordable 3d printers, you can check our step by step buy guide.
Meanwhile the possibilities of this technology are increasing rapidly and we are seeing everything from large-scale industrial machines such as cars, aircraft parts and even houses to micro-scale organic products such as human skin grafts and bone prosthetics being printed. And with the addition of the more advanced multi-color 3d printers like Rova3D, you can really take customization to the next level and unleash your creativity without limits!
3d printing in fashion is rapidly developing and, with our love of wearable technology growing just as rapidly, fashion designers are creating some incredible wearable designs. Check out some of the coolest designs that were presented in the latest pret a porte show in Milan, highlighting what 3d printing in fashion is capable of.
Fashion designers are always searching for new materials and textiles with which to create and express their concepts, and now scientists and engineers have created a whole new toolbox they can work with. With the possibilities of creating the perfect fit by scanning the body and then printing the fabric directly, the designer can create unique pieces of bespoke Haute Couture in a fraction of the time and cost it traditionally would.
What once was a long and expensive process can now be attained at the push of a button. As Francis Bitonti suggested, “every tool has its limits but 3D printing in fashion has far less limits than any other tool I’ve ever used”. This is particularly interesting for the fashion industry as it opens new possibilities for ready-to 3D print designs. It can bring production costs down while raising revenue worldwide, especially in remote areas where it’s not easy to reach. 3d printing in fashion can revolutionize the way we select and purchase our clothes, moving from the high street fashion to the high tech fashion.
Fashion Spyder is an online network supporting emerging designers worldwide. Their Fashion Journal is dedicated to providing relevant news about 3d printing in fashion and information specific to contemporary fashion designers whether established or recently graduated.
Professional 3D printers at a consumer friendly price is not a dream anymore. The next generation of innovative freedom begins with The Origin. Here’s a full review from our team of 3D printing experts that will help you to break down the amazing features of this cool gadget!
One of the most exciting possibilities of 3D printing is the real-life, practical application of printed components for everyday use. However, with the limited build areas of most consumer 3D printers, printing anything beyond novelty items is nearly impossible, and one of the greatest challenges in the industry today. There is a sprawling gap between the industrial sized professional 3D printers capable of printing fully functional parts, and smaller ‘household’ 3D printers that are only big enough to print miniaturized models. This potential for creative abundance, yet lack of current functionality was one of the prime drivers behind the Origin.
3D printing is modern day magic. Before your eyes, your designs are realized in a 3D, tangible form. This technology is the cutting edge of creation, and the applications are almost limitless. We are truly passionate about innovation, so we present you Zeni Kinetic’s latest addition in the professional 3D printers line. The Origin is here to facilitate any level of dreamer on their path to invention. We started with our great idea, now it’s time for yours.
Their primary aim has been to create a printer that is appropriate for everyone—whether you’re an absolute novice, or an open source genius, the Origin is usable by all people. From the avant garde artist, to the pioneering mad scientist (our favorite), 3D printing has a place for every sphere of application. What they wanted entering into this project was to create a professional 3D printer at a consumer friendly price, and we have done just that!
The Origin is one of the only professional 3D printers on the market that begs you to make it into something else. The future of 3D printing is not limited to plastic, so why should the Origin be? This 3D printer has been created with an unlimited future in mind: for the foodie—candy, pizza, and waffle printing is on the horizon; metal and ceramic options will be available for the builders and sculptors of society.
The ability to print directly from pellets or ground plastic is currently being explored by one group and the number will surely grow. We want even the bio-printing sphere of the medical field to have options with the Origin. These advancements may be a few years down the road but we do not believe that 3D printing is just a passing fad, and the Origin is a fantastic base to begin from.
Zeni Kinetic has spent years developing prototypes of all kinds, so when it came time to develop their own professional 3D printers, they knew they were up to the challenge. There are quite a few solid and affordable 3D printers already on the market, so they made it our aim to design one that would go beyond the competition.
Zeni Kinetic wanted a design that would give us the largest practical build area with the most functionality available to be sold at a price that is both reasonable and fair. After countless iterations, and untold design changes and improvements, Zeni Kinetic has been able to finesse a sweet balance between cost- and space-efficiency, settling on the perfect build size: one cubic foot.
And then they took the lid off—literally! The lid, the front, and the back.
The result is a quiet, stylish, functional and affordable professional 3D printer. In order to accomplish this, Zeni Kinetic had to employ manufacturing techniques not commonly used in this arena, requiring us to have both water-jet cut plate-aluminum and molded plastic purchased from external contracting houses at a staggering mark-up rate.
Zeni Kinetic expertise comes from years of research and development, experimentation, and optimization. As one of the largest U.S. suppliers and manufacturers of professional 3D printer filament, they have seen firsthand what works and what doesn’t. Zeni Kinetic have been actively involved in the professional 3D printing world as it has developed, meaning that the Origin has been through many prototype iterations before arriving at its presently substantial, yet streamlined design—a balance of form, function, and price.
Because Zeni Kinetic are passionate about quality control, they have diligently endeavored to provide the highest quality material available. Their professional 3D printers speak for themselves and they leave it to you to make an informed decision. With a 90 day unconditional money back return policy on their filament, Zeni Kinetic stand behind their professional 3D printers and extend that same level of quality and confidence out to the Origin.
Are you willing to back professional 3D printers like The Origin? Check their KickStarter campaign and make sure you order your own copy before it’s too late! Prices might rise in the future, so you better hurry up!
Perhaps the most cautionary hype cycle of all is the one for personal 3D printers. Gartner identifies two themes. The first is that the enterprise market and the consumer market for 3D printers are driven by entirely different uses and requirements. As such, they bear little resemblance to one another. For instance, there are 40 or so established manufacturers selling enterprise-class 3D printers to business for $100,000 and up. By contrast, more than 200 startups are hoping to crack the consumer market with personal 3D printers priced as low as several hundred dollars.
The second point is that 3D printing is not one technology, but a combination of seven different ones. “Hype around home use obfuscates the reality that 3D printing involves a complex ecosystem of software, hardware and materials, whose use is not as simple as ‘hitting print’ on a paper printer,” notes Pete Basiliere, research vice-president at Gartner.
The hype cycle for 3D printing shows some of the technologies involved are maturing faster than others, and could be widely available within a few years. For instance, the use of 3D printing for making prototypes—a mainstay of the industry since its inception—is enjoying increasing acceptance in business. But prototyping is unlikely to be of much interest to home users. Besides, despite the broad awareness and media buzz, even the prices of personal 3D printers that are being banded around are still too high for typical do-it-yourself consumers. Overall, says Mr Basiliere, consumer 3D printing is five to ten years away from mainstream adoption.
Babbage thinks even that may be optimistic. Several months ago, he wondered aloud whether 3D printers would ever make it into the home, if the only things they could fabricate were small trinkets and gew-gaws out of soft or brittle plastics (see “Making the cut”, June 2nd 2014). He felt that, to have any practical value, personal 3D printers should be able to make load-bearing components—to repair things around the home like lawnmowers, washing machines, children’s bicycles and old cars. To do that would mean being able to print with powdered metals.
But, while industrial metal printers that use selective laser sintering do an excellent job, they cost $125,000 or more. Their price would have to come down by two orders of magnitude to have any chance of making it into the home.
Consumer 3D printing is still at its hype cycle’s peak of expectations. Whether it survives the coming slide into the trough of disillusionment, with the inevitable shake-out of suppliers, is still too early to say. Babbage hopes it does, but that the survivors focus more on reducing the cost of making things that are genuinely useful rather than merely ornamental.
Have you seen sci-fi movies where 3d printing underwear is made available within minutes? Take a trip to Moscow and discover that it’s real life for Russians! Earlier this summer, Russia’s parliament took the controversial step of banning all underwear made from synthetic lace, preventing its manufacture and sale within the country. But if Russians don’t like the ban, which labels the undergarments as harmful to Russian’s health, they can always make their own — if they have 3D printers.
This August, Russia designer Viktoria Anoka hired Moscow company 3DPrintus to create a pair of panties for the company Lascana, presented as part of St. Petersburg’s technology fair “Geek Picnic”. It’s the first time there was a real 3d printing underwear made.
“Lascana was definitely the craziest thing we have been asked to print,” 3DPrintus founder and CEO Konstantin Ivanov told The Moscow Times. The project took more than three months and is the first underwear to be printed in Russia.
Of course, the end product’s plastic feel meant it wasn’t entirely comfortable. Anastasia Belousova, who modeled the 3D printing underwear for Lascana, said the attire was “interesting but not for everyday life”. But again, this is now, who knows what innovative solutions will be available in the future? Maybe our kids download their pants and bras from 3D printing underwear marketplaces like 3DPrintus.
But 3D printing underwear isn’t just a novelty. The business, once confined to research laboratories, is on the rise in Moscow. The process, in which printers lay down layer after layer of material, is hailed as revolutionary because it allows manufacturers to move production away from huge factories in faraway countries to more tailored, localized production.
There are about a dozen 3D printing underwear companies in Moscow. Businesses like 3DPrintus allow designers to upload their designs onto an online platform for customers to choose from. The customer then selects the product they want and chooses the material they would like it made from. “It allows designers to create a product and bring it to the public for much cheaper than if they were to make it in a factory,” Ivanov said. Designs include 3d printing underwear among many other 3d models which can be grouped in multiple categories.
The variety of 3D materials available is vast: everything from synthetic plastics to silver and gold. Even Ivanov’s wedding ring, consisting of two intertwining bands of yellow and white gold, was 3D printed with one of the machines. For a precious material like gold they first made a prototype, then a mold out of wax and finally the ring.
Although the 3D printing underwear process takes a long time, techniques are developing rapidly. When creating material out of stainless steel, for instance, 3DPrintus uses a computer to spray steel powder in layers, much like an inkjet printer.
3dPrintus is first Russian marketplace of 3d-printed objects.
This spray method can create much more intricate designs. The company is currently in the experimental phase of creating a powder out of gold that would open the door for much more intricate designs and make the process much faster.
To prove how versatile the products from the printers can be, Ivanov made a 3D model of a Moscow Times reporter, a “3D selfie” he called it.
The process started by taking pictures from every angle. The photos were then uploaded onto a laptop that started processing the images. First making a rough outline of the pictures to create a 3D image, it repeated the process each time with more detail until a mesh of points was created and a 3D version appeared on a screen. This image was then sent to printers located in a large warehouse on the outskirts of Moscow.
A week later the “selfie” was ready. The amount of detail was incredible: everything from dress creases to the details of shoes.
Many say that 3D printing underwear could open a world of opportunity. Aid agencies can use them to cheaply create items needed for water sanitation or replace missing items in aid packages. British company ScanLAB, for instance, has been working on a project with Greenpeace to map icebergs to aid in research about climate change.
But while there is no denying that 3D printing underwear could be used for a lot of good, there is also the potential that the technology could be used for dangerous and possibly destructive purposes. Blueprints for creating guns using a 3D-printer can easily be found online. And because the weapons could be made of plastic, they could even slip unnoticed through airport security.
But for now 3DPrintus will likely stick to underwear and other more peaceful items. And while Ivanov scoffs that 3D printing underwear will ever really replace mass production, the idea of something made-to-order yet affordable is certainly appealing.
One of the hairier unintended consequences of cheap 3D printing is that any troublemaker can duplicate a key without setting foot in a hardware store. But clever lockpickers like Jos Weyers and Christian Holler already are taking that DIY key-making trick a step further: They can 3D print a slice of plastic or metal that opens even high-security locks in seconds, without even seeing the original key.
Weyers and Holler’s trick is to 3D print a bump key, which resembles a normal key but can open millions of locks with a carefully practiced rap on its head with a hammer. Using software they created called Photobump, the two engineers say it’s now possible to easily bump open a wide range of locks using keys based on photographs of the locks’ keyholes. And even without a high-quality 3D printer, those specialized bump keys can be mail-ordered from 3-D printing services like Shapeways or i.Materialise that have no restrictions on printing keys.
As a result, all anyone needs to open many locks previously considered “unbumpable” is a bit of software, a picture of the lock’s keyhole, and the keyhole’s depth, says Weyers, a competitive lockpicker and security consultant. “You don’t need much more to make a bump key,” Weyers told an audience at the Hackers On Planet Earth conference, where he first hinted at the key printing software last month. “Basically, if I can see your keyhole, there’s an app for that.”
Here’s a video of Holler using a 3D-printed bump key to open an Abus E20 lock.
Bumping isn’t a new trick. The technique traditionally has involved filing a key blank into a set of teeth that rest against each of the pins in a pin and tumbler lock. As shown in the illustration below, when the key is tapped with a mallet or hammer those teeth “bump” the pins like a pool cue hitting billiard balls: The bottom portions stay put, but the force is transferred to the top halves of the pins, which jump up a few millimeters. By applying a small amount of torque to the key, a skilled bumper can catch those jumping pins outside of the lock’s cylinder, allowing it to open.
Even so, bump keys have long been tough to create for high security locks that use obscure, complex key blanks. Many lock makers carefully trademark or patent their key blank designs and prevent them from being sold to anyone outside a small group of verified customers. But with the advent of 3D printing, those restrictions can’t stop lockpickers from 3D printing their own blanks and filing them into bump keys—or simply printing bump keys with their teeth already aligned with a lock’s pins. In this video, Holler demonstrates a 3D-printed and filed bump key for an Ikon SK6, a key that uses restricted, carefully contorted blanks that can’t even be created by many key-milling machines.
A photo of a keyhole alone isn’t quite enough to print one of Weyers’ or Holler’s bump keys. They also need information about the position of each pin in a target lock. But Holler says that information easily is found in widely available key-cutting software. Weyers says he can derive it even more easily by sticking any thin tool into the keyhole, feeling for the pins, and marking their depth to measure how deep in the lock’s cylinder the pins are located.
Those measurements and the key’s cross-sectional shape—derived from a photo—are fed into the Photobump desktop software to create a printable 3-D CAD model. Weyers’ technique, he says, wouldn’t even require knowing the lock’s make or model. “I’m working under the presumption I’m starting with zero knowledge of the lock,” says Weyers.
Weyers and Holler aren’t trying to teach thieves and spies a new trick for breaking into high-security facilities; instead, they want to warn lockmakers about the possibility of 3D printable bump keys so they might defend against it. Although Holler will discuss the technique at the Lockcon lockpicking conference in Sneek, the Netherlands, next month, he doesn’t plan to release the Photobump software publicly. He’s also working with police in his native Germany to analyze whether printed bump keys leave any forensic evidence behind.
Ultimately, the two lockpickers say they’re trying to show lock companies and their customers that 3-D printing has changed lockpicking in ways that may leave previously secure locks vulnerable. After all, many lock makers seem to rely on their keys’ restricted shapes—their “key profile”—as their sole defense against tricks like bumping. “It’s a kind of false sense of security,” says Holler. “If a protected profile is your only protection, you should be aware that’s no longer enough.
In a long statement, Ikon maker Assa Abloy argues 3D printing bump keys to its locks is an expensive, unreliable trick that doesn’t work on some locks whose keys have hidden or moving parts. “We view this as an interesting exercise, but not particularly representative of the real world of covert entry by criminals and burglars,” writes Joachim Gillert, a research and security director for the company. “Yes, you can open some locks, some of the time with bump keys, even made with hard plastic. But…the use of such keys depends on many variables and is not particularly reliable.”
Holler and Weyers counter that the printed bump key trick will only get easier, and that the cost is negligible. Holler printed his bump keys in high resolution nylon through Shapeways for less than 5 euros each. A Shapeways spokesperson says the company “doesn’t have any specific policies around printing keys or lock picking tools, but it is up to our users to responsibly comply with our overall guidelines.”
Weyers argues that instead of dismissing 3D printing or trying to keep their key profiles secret, lockmakers should produce more bump resistant locks with electronic elements or unprintable parts. “The sky isn’t falling, but the world changes and now people can make stuff,” says Weyers. “Lock manufacturers know how to make a lock bump-resistant. And they had better.” What do you think? Is 3D-Printed Bump Key a good idea or just scary?
A new 3D Printing Market report focuses on main driving factors responsible for the explosive growth of the market include new and improved technologies, variety of materials ranging from polymers to living tissue, supportive regulations, government funding, and huge untapped market.
According to a new market research report on 3D Printing Market by Technology (SLA, SLS, EBM, FDM, EBM, LOM, 3DP), Materials (Polymers, Metal), Application (Aerospace, Automotive, Consumer, Healthcare, Government & Defense) & Geography (Americas, Europe, APAC & ROW) between 2013-2020), the 3D Printing Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 23% from 2013 to 2020, and reach $8.41 billion in 2020.
Browse 81 market data tables with 46 figures spread through 320 pages and in-depth analysis on “3D Printing Market”. Download directly through this link.
The elements behind the rapid upsurge in the 3D Printing Market are the innovative and advanced technologies, customized products, governments funding, wide unexploited application market, rapid development of the products at a low cost, and less time-to-market. In addition, the upcoming (in 2014) expiration of patents with respect to the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is also believed to provide a further impetus to the growth of the 3D Printer Market.
3D printing is an emerging technology with the potential to revolutionize the manufacturing industry. It allows consumers to download 3D models from the internet and transforms them into physical objects.
Enormous opportunities are present, currently, for the 3D printing industry. It has, now, been realised to be a key source to economic growth, and plays a pivotal role towards the strengthening of the design and online retail market. It offers substantial, eco-friendly benefits, by removing the transportation of goods all across the globe; and allowing new, sustainably sourced materials. It reduces the costs involved in conventional manufacturing process, immensely.
The 3D printing market is moving at a very rapid pace and is witnessing enormous developments in patent filings. All the key players are investing, immensely, on research and development activities to gain ‘the first mover advantage’. The 3D printing industry is witnessing a binge of new product developments, mergers & collaborations, expansions and other activities in the research and development field.
As of 2013, the America holds the largest revenue share followed by Europe in 3D Printer Machines, materials, and related services. However, Europe is also expected to surpass America in terms of the 3D Printing Market revenue by 2020.
More specifically USA leads the 3D printing market with about 43.9% revenue share in 2013, followed closely by European region. The dominance of North American market is attributed to the growth in healthcare, consumer, aerospace and automobile industry. Asia-Pacific would be the fastest growing market, having a CAGR of 51.9% during 2014-2020, due to faster adoption of 3D printing in the developing industrial sectors.
The foremost factors accountable for the expansion of 3D Printing Market include new and improved 3D printing technologies, wide range of materials (polymers, metals/alloys, sand, ceramics, living tissue), government funding, broad application scope, and increased awareness regarding the benefits of 3D printing over traditional techniques (injection molding and CNC machining).
However, APAC is the fastest growing and most promising market for 3D printing due to high industrial growth, technological awareness, supportive government policies, and financial investment by the governments in R&D. The major companies operating in this market are 3D Systems (U.S.), Stratasys (U.S.), Arcam AB (Sweden), Exone (U.S.), and others.
The 3D Printing Market is broadly categorized into: technology, materials, application, and geography. All the major segments are further segmented into sub segments.
The market is expected to reach $8.41 billion by 2020, at an estimated CAGR of 23% from 2013 to 2020. The major driving factors for the 3D Printing Market are: ease in the manufacturing of low volume production of complex geometry components, and rapid manufacturing of customized products with regards to various applications such as aerospace, automotive, consumer and healthcare. In the report, different technologies such as stereolithography, laser sintering, electron beam melting, fused disposition modeling, and laminated object modeling are discussed.
The materials market includes polymers and metals. The 3D Printing Market finds its application in the aerospace, automotive, consumer, healthcare, government & defense, industrial machines, and education and research sectors. The geography market is categorized into America, Europe, APAC, and ROW.
The key industry segments such as healthcare and aerospace, which are growing at a promising rate, have witnessed significant penetration of 3D printing technology. Consumer product industry remains the largest application segment with about 22% of the market share, while defense sector is expected to exhibit the fastest growth at a CAGR of 17.2% during the forecast period.
3D printing is currently the subject of a great deal of speculation and excitement in the media. Touted as the technology to bring about the next industrial revolution and the in-sourcing of manufacturing jobs back to the West, the term in fact refers to a raft of technologies each of which is compatible for use with a particular material type.
In fact the materials market for 3D printing is possibly the most contentious issue in the 3D printing industry today. 3D printer manufacturers are increasingly engaging in practices which are perceived by end-users as anti-competitive by locking customers in to their own materials supplies via key-coding and RFID tagging of material cartridges, an activity which is effectively enabling monopoly pricing of the materials concerned.
Development of new materials for 3D printing is hindered by the practice of lock-in by some 3D printer manufacturers. Barriers to entry for 3rd party materials suppliers are high, and those who do enter the market are unable to get the economies of scale required to accelerate both materials development and progress towards a competitive market.
In the short to mid-term, downwards pressure on materials prices will be driven mainly by new entrants to the 3D printer manufacture arena that do not engage in lock-in practices and enable customers to source materials from the supplier(s) of their choice, and also by pressure from large end-users wielding buying power to force prices down.
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This report gives forecasts to 2025 for the following materials supplies:
Materials in development but not yet commercial, which research is mainly taking place in universities, are also discussed.
The market for photopolymers will retain the largest single segment of the market through to 2025 although the other materials markets will gain market share in terms of tons produced driven largely by the move away from prototyping/tooling applications towards final product manufacture.
Highest growth will be seen in the market for metal powders, although production, currently placed at less than 30 tons/year, will remain relatively low. This, in combination with high raw material and processing prices, will combine such that prices for these materials will fall more slowly than for alternative 3D printing materials.
Market growth in a business-as-usual scenario when lock-in remains common practice and prices remain high will be steady, as illustrated below. However, extensive interviews with both materials developers and end-users indicate that prices are falling. This will modulate growth of the market size even as mass production increases in line with the growth of the cumulative installed base.
Further, for any given material class, market size (in terms of $M) is more sensitive to the installed base of the corresponding 3D printer technology than to the actual price of the materials themselves. Should material prices increase, only a small reduction in the average utilisation rate of the printer installed base is required for the market size to actually fall as a result.